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제목 [유럽] Scottish Backhold Wrestling

  • 조회수
    26
  • 작성일
    2020-12-22
  • 첨부
Name Scottish Backhold Wrestling
Alternative Names
Origin United Kingdom (Scotland)
Main Techniques Grappling
Weapons N/A
Purpose of Practice Martial Games
Type of Origination Transmitted
Degree of Sportification National
Yes (Year:)      No
General Information Scottish backhold is an old wrestling style from Scotland. The goal is to throw the opponent on the ground, with any body part touching the ground other than the feet (Crudelli 2010: 250).Hands are clasped together behind the opponents back, one arm going under the opponents underarm and the chin resting on the opposite shoulder.For attending practice and competitions practitioners are encouraged to wear the traditional Scottish kilt.
History/Development In 1985 the Celtic wrestling federation for Scottish backhand, Breton gouren and Icelandic glima has been founded (Collins 2005: 13).During then many highland games taking place in summer all over the country local athletes as well as athletes from countries like France, Iceland, America and England compete with each other (Griffiths, n.d.).
Transmission
(Policies/institutions)
Clubs all over the country teach and practice backhold wrestling.
Relevant Organisations - International Federation of Celtic Wrestling (IFCW)
https://ifcw.site/
- Scottish Wrestling Bond
- Bute Highland Games
https://www.butehighlandgames.org
- Colchester Highland Games and Gatherings
Additional Materials - A guide to backhold wrestling: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z2ENwN_tJi0
References - Crudelli, C. (2010). The Way of the Warrior: Martial Arts and Fighting Skills from Around the World, London: Dorling Kindersley, p. 39-45
- Griffiths, D. (s.d.). “Highland Backhold Wrestling”, Black Belt White Hat MMA Blog.
https://blackbeltwhitehat.com/mma-articles/other/highland-backhold-wrestling/
- Collins, T., Martin, J.J. and Vamplew, W. (ed.). (2005). Encyclopedia of traditional British rural sports. London: Routledge.