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제목 [아시아] Sikaran

  • 조회수
    86
  • 작성일
    2020-12-22
  • 첨부
Name Sikaran
Alternative Names
Origin Philippines
Main Techniques Striking
Weapons N/A
Purpose of Practice Martial Games
Type of Origination Transmitted
Degree of Sportification
Yes (Year: )      No
General Information Sikaran is an indigenous Filipino martial art. It is a kick-fighting art resembling karate. Sikaran means ‘to kick’ in Tagalog. Participants mainly use their feet and are not allowed to use their hands to strike the opponent, only to block kicks. The battle ends when one of the participants is too hurt or exhausted to continue (Crudelli 2010: 183). There are two types of kicks in sikaran: panghilo (paralyzing) and pamatary (killing) which are the lethal versions (Querubin 1966: 27). The biakid kick is characteristic of the art, it is a spectacular spinning hook kick targeting the head (Crudelli 2010: 183).
History/Development The development of Sikaran predates the arrival of the Spanish in the Philippines. When American rule came in place of the Spanish the art was still widely practiced. The exact history of sikaran is lost but the art probably originated among farmers, hence it’s presence at many of the harvest festivals (Crudelli 2010: 183). There are some notable similarities to Indonesian and Korean martial arts (del Espiritu Santo Querubin 1966: 26).
Transmission
(Policies/institutions)
Immigration has spread the art to the USA, Canada, UK, Saudi Arabia and New Zealand (Crudelli, 2010: 183).
Relevant Organisations - Global Sikaran Federation
Additional Materials
References - Crudelli, C. (2010). The Way of the Warrior: Martial Arts and Fighting Skills from Around the World, London : Dorling Kindersley.
- del Espiritu Santo Querubin, E. (1996). “A Dying Art – Sikaran, Art of Philippines Foot Fighting”, Black Belt Magazine.
https://books.google.co.kr/books?id=dc4DAAAAMBAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=true

*sikaran is not to be confused with kali sikaran