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||Silambam is an ancient traditional Indian martial art named after and characterised by the long bamboo stick used by its practitioners. The length of the staff depends on the height of the practitioner, usually a stick of the preferred length just touches one’s forehead (World Silambam Federation, n.d.). The techniques can also be transferred to other weapons like the maduvu (deer horn), kathi (knife), vaal (sword), metallic whip and club (World Silambam Federation, n.d.; Crudelli 2010: 23). The goal is for the practitioner to master defending himself against multiple opponents and different weapons (Crudelli 2010: 23).|
||The art originated in Tamil Nadu, India but is also practiced by communities in Malaysia, Singapore, Sri Lanka and Indonesia. In ancient days carrying a stick in order to protect oneself from animals and enemies was natural. Subsequently fighting styles depending on this stick developed (World Silambam Federation, n.d.). Many martial arts in India include staff fighting. Several sources of Sangam literature, among which the Silappadikkaram, show that silambam has been practiced as far back as the 4th century BC (International Silambam Committee, n.d.).In 2019 the International Non-Olympic Committee (INOC) declared silambam as a non-Olympic sport and formed the International Silambam Committee (ISC).|
||- World Silambam Association (WSA) |
- International Silambam Committee (ISC)
- World Silambam Federation (WSF)
- International Non-Olympic Committee (INOC)
||- Raj, J. David Manuel, 1977. “The Origin and Historical Development of Silambam Fencing: Ancient Self-Defense Sport of India.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oregon.|
- Raj, J. David Manuel, 1975. Silambam Fencing from India. Karaikudi, India.
- Raj, J. David Manuel, 1971. Silambam Technique and Evaluation. Karaikudi, India.
||- International Silambam Committee (ISC).|
- World Silambam Federation (WSF).
- Crudelli, C. (2010). The Way of the Warrior: Martial Arts and Fighting Skills from Around the World, London: Dorling Kindersley.