© Budiman Hardijanto, 2019
||Silat is a combative art of self-defence and survival. It originated in the Malay Archipelago. Malay silat has a close affinity with the Indonesian pencak silat dating back to the fifteenth century or even more (Green 2001). Since the days of Langkasuka Kingdom, silat has evolved into a fine practice of physical and spiritual training also encompassing traditional Malay attire, silat musical instruments and customs. There are many styles of silat, inspired by the movements of human anatomy, nature and animals. For example, silat harimau involves an aesthetic rhythmic motion imitating the art of self-defence and attack of the tiger. In Malaysia alone, there are more than 150 known silat styles whose names derive from natural elements such as animals and plants (Unesco, s.d.).|
||Originally, Malay silat was practised by warriors – as noble enforcers of justice – but nowadays practitioners consist of masters, gurus, teachers and students, who are responsible for maintaining the practice. Training sessions usually take place in the evening or at night in an open space such as a courtyard, led by the Master and ‘Jurukaka’. A large number of practitioners have been trained and nurtured, and an increasing number of training centres have been established. With this accelerated dissemination, the practice has transcended its status as a martial art to become a performing art; consequently, it is now a popular sport for health and leisure (Unesco, s.d.).|
||- PESAKA (Persekutuan Silat Kebangsaan Malaysia)|
- PERSILAT (The International Pencak Silat Federation, Persekutuan Pencak Silat Antarabangsa)
||- Farrer, D. S. (2009). Shadows of the Prophet: Martial Arts and Sufi Mysticism, Dordrecht: Springer.|
- Sheppard, M. C. (1958). “Silat: The Malay Art of Self-Defence.” The Straits Times Annual, 12–15.
||- UNESCO, (s.d.). Silat. [online] Ich.unesco.org. Available at: https://ich.unesco.org/en/RL/silat-01504 [Accessed 1 April 2020]. |
- Green, T.A. (2001). Martial arts of the world: an encyclopedia, Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO.