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제목 [남미] Longkotun

  • 조회수
    98
  • 작성일
    2020-12-22
  • 첨부
Name Longkotun
Alternative Names Lonkotun
Origin Chile
Main Techniques Grappling
Weapons N/A
Purpose of Practice Martial Games
Type of Origination Transmitted
Degree of Sportification
Yes (Year: )      No
General Information Longkotun, literally “fight of the hair”, is a fight involving participants taking each other by the hair (Cruz 2010). It is common in palin (ball game) matches, to settle issues regarding the game rules (Mapuche dictionary, s.d.).

Longkotun used to be a popular martial art, a man to man fight, between loyal opponents that did not need arbitration. It entailed taking the hair (or the little bit of remaining hair of the warrior that was already prepared and shaved for the battle) of the rival. forcing him to the ground with his head until it touches. The rules include silence: whoever talked or complained of pain, lost the fight. Another strict rule was the absence of punching and slapping of the opponent (Mora Penrose 2016).
History/Development
Transmission
(Policies/institutions)
Relevant Organisations
Additional Materials
References - Cruz, E.A. (2010). The Grand Araucanian Wars (1541–1883) in the Kingdom of Chile, Xlibris Corporation.
- Mora Penrose, Z. (2016). Zungún. Diccionario mapuche. Palabras que brotan de la tierra. Santiago: Uqbar Editores.
- Mapuche dictionary: http://www.deportesmapuches.cl/glosario.htm
- Wrestling at the end of the world: Chile/Argentina, https://unitedworldwrestling.org/sites/default/files/media/document/continental_council/study_the_wrestling_at_the_end_of_the_world.pdf

See also: metratun