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제목 [남미] Tinku

  • 조회수
    105
  • 작성일
    2020-12-22
  • 첨부
Name Tinku
Alternative Names
Origin Bolivia
Main Techniques Others
Weapons Others
Purpose of Practice Martial Culture
Type of Origination Transmitted
Degree of Sportification
Yes (Year: )      No
General Information Tinku is a form of ritual fighting and a festival in Bolivia. The festivals take place in May and usually lasts two or three days. Tinku can be seen as a ritual way to neutralise tension between different indigenous communities (Lonely Planet, s.d.). The related tinku dance is a more peaceful and festive phenomenon than the violent ritual combat tinku.
History/Development People from different tribes fight in the streets without protection, using their fists, feet and sometimes simple weapons like, whips, clubs, slingshots, and rocks. Participants are mostly men, but also women take part (Crudelli 2010). The tinku festival in Macha is known as the most violent, but gradually it has become more inclusive. The organisers want a peaceful atmosphere suitable for a broader audience (Telesur 2018).The fighting tradition has also been immortalized in the tinku dance (Lonely Planet, s.d.). Dancers wear colourful costumes and are accompanied by a drum that supports their fighting-inspired movements.
Transmission
(Policies/institutions)
Relevant Organisations
Additional Materials
References - Crudelli, C. (2010). The Way of the Warrior: Martial Arts and Fighting Skills from Around the World, London: Dorling Kindersley, p. 338.
- Telesur. (2018). “Bolovia, Thousands Prepare to Celebrate ‘Tinku’ Festiaval”, telesur. https://www.telesurenglish.net/news/Bolivia-Thousands-Prepare-to-Celebrate-Tinku-Festival-20180428-0004.html
- Lonely Plantet. (s.d.). “Tinku: the Art of Ritual Mayhem“, Lonely Planet. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/bolivia/potosi/in-location/entertainment/a65aab40-5e8a-4e0e-8518-d3b70cb0682c/a/nar/a65aab40-5e8a-4e0e-8518-d3b70cb0682c/1316005