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제목 [아프리카] Ethiopian wrestling

  • 조회수
    101
  • 작성일
    2020-12-22
  • 첨부
Name Ethiopian tigil wrestling
Alternative Names Tigil, tigel, gibbigibb, qilis
Origin Ethiopia
Main Techniques Grappling
Weapons N/A
Purpose of Practice Martial Games
Type of Origination Transmitted
Degree of Sportification National
Yes (Year: )      No
General Information Tigil, gibbigibb and qilis are all names for wrestling in Ethiopia. From the 1970s on the wrestling style slowly became sportified as well as recognized as a cultural game in Ethiopia.  The Ethiopian Cultural Sport Federation, organized under the Sport Commission, published a manual with rules to regulate tigil on a national level (Bromber 2012: 30).
History/Development Wrestling in Ethiopia was very popular during the reign of Tewodros II (1818-1868). Before the mid-nineteenth century wrestling in Ethiopia was not documented. In the 1970s Ethiopian researchers looked into wrestling. Sport competitions were established in order to promote, coordinate and study it as one of Ethiopia’s traditional sports. The studies however did only observe wrestling and didn’t acknowledge earlier or future changes (Bromber 2012: 25-26).
Transmission
(Policies/institutions)
Relevant Organisations - Federal Sports Commission of Ethiopia
- Ethiopian Cultural Sport Federation
Additional Materials
References - Bromber, K. (2012). “‘Ethiopian’ wrestling between sportization of national heritage and dynamic youth culture”, ITYOP̣IS, vol. 2, p. 23-40.