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제목 [아시아] Xingyiquan

  • 조회수
    100
  • 작성일
    2020-12-22
  • 첨부
Name Xingyiquan
Alternative Names Xìng Yì Quán, Hsing-I Chuan , hsing i ch’uan 形意拳, 형의권
Origin China
Main Techniques Mixed (Low-impact/Meditative, striking, weapon-based, grappling)
Weapons Multiple (Spears, sticks, swords)
Purpose of Practice Martial Arts
Type of Origination Transmitted
Degree of Sportification
Yes (Year: )      No
General Information Xingyiquan is one of the three internal martial arts of China 9next to baguazhang and taijiquan). According to Kevin Menard it is the most visibly martial and well understood in the West among the three. The fighting style is complex and explosive, with linear and angular forms. Training consists of series of standing mediations, stretching and conditioning exercises, a series of forms and one- and two-man drills. There are twelve animals on which forms are based. The art makes use of different types of weapons among which the spear, the staff, the sword, needles and the halberd (Menard 2001).
History/Development Xingyiquan originated in the Song Dynasty. General Yue Fei is considered an important figure in the origination of the martial art (Menard 2001).
Transmission
(Policies/institutions)
Different styles are practiced and taught inside and outside of China. The art also has been shown in popular culture like video games, movies and cartoons.
Relevant Organisations - Chinese Internal Arts Association (CIAA)
- Wudang Research Association
Additional Materials
References - Menard, K. (2001). “Xingyoquan (Hsing I Ch’uan)”.  In Green, T. and Svinth, J. (eds.) Martial Arts of the World: An Encyclopedia of History and Innovation. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.